Partnership Successions: Behrend d. Bahr, Geo. Bahr d. Behrend, Gordon Ross d. Behrend, G. Joseph, Edward A. Behrend, since Are the oldest Shipbroking firm in Liverpool. Over fifty. Lines of Steamers Cargo and Passengers. United Kingdom, Foreign chiefly , Colonial. Telegraphic and Cable Addresses: Behrend is Lieut. Holds V. Established early in the nineteenth century. Wines, Spirits, and Liqueurs of the finest quality. All over the United Kingdom, Foreign, and Colonial.
Royal Warrant Holders to H. King George V. Queen Alexandra. London Joint Stock Bank, Ltd. Pall Mall Branch. Registered Offices: Oldfield Road. Established in by John Bailey. Incorporated as a Limited company in One of the largest firms in the trade. Works cover four acres; Ellesmere Foundry, Patricroft, for heavy ironwork. Government Admiralty. Manchester and Liverpool District Banking Co. Established in by William Bailey. Claim to be the oldest-established firm of Brewers' Chemists.
Brewers' Requisites. Gerrard No. In assumed the present title and removed to 30, Cornhill, in to 71, Gracechurch Street, and in to the present address. Present Principal: Henry Dignam Bally. United Kingdom, Foreign and Colonial. Lombard Street. BAIN, A. Albert Wellesley Bain, J. Ernest Bain, John T. Bain, George C. Liley, and George Turner. Insurance of all classes. Telegraphic and Cable Addresses-: Bain was Lord Mayor of Leeds Chairman of the Corporation of Insurance Brokers and Agents. Established in by the late Arthur Bainbridge. Bainbridge, F.
Premises cover about three acres. Forty to fifty. Works; Dismantling, Shipbreaking, Dealing in Machinery. No, 40 National , Stockton. Bainbridge, Stockton. Representatives all over England,Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. Thomas Hudson Bainbridge, J. Chairman , George Bargate Bainbridge, J.
House Furnishing in all branches. Removal of Furniture by Road, Rail, or Sea. Under the style of Bainbridge Bros. Leeds , Ltd. Telegraphic Address " Bainbridge, Newcastle-uponTyne. Sir Harold Harmsworth, Bart. Chairman , James Lumsden, Bertram L. Telegraphic Addresses: Lloyds Bank Limited. Incorporated July 23rd, , under the Companies Act, Present Directors: Large number of persons employed in the various departments. Publication of the above-named well-known journals. Tallis Street , Nos.
London County and Westminster Bank, Ltd. Temple Bar Branch. Vincent Place, Glasgow. Established in by Hugh Baird, Succeeded by two sons. Montagu M. Reid, Franklin M. Baird, J. Russell Wardle. Alexander Forsyth. Maltsters and Hop Merchants. Douglas Tatlock, manager for Trustees of John Tatlock d. All Educational and Scientific Apparatus and Instruments. Complete Laboratory Equipment.
United Kingdom and the Colonies. Baird; the Ulster Printing Co. Robert H. Averages Offices, 54A, Fleet Street, E. General Printers and Newspaper Proprietors. Provincial Bank of Ireland, Ltd. High-class Scotch Whiskies; also deal in Jamaica Rum. Douglas two lines. The Commercial Bank of Scotland, Ltd. Established in by Thomas Bairstow and Matthew Bairstow. James Bairstow. Cover about twelve acres. Worsted Coatings and Costume Cloths.
Home, Foreign and Colonial. Bradford District Bank, Ltd. Established prior to by ancestors of the present principals. Arnold Baiss, Sydney S. Baiss, Henry E. Stevenson, F. Baiss, the three first-named being the Managing Directors. General Offices and Works at Bermondsey, S.
About employees. Offices No. Cable Address: A B C 4th and 5th Editions. Head Depot: Established in by Charles Baker. Joseph S. Baker was admitted a partner in The present Board of Directors is as follows: Edgar Baker, Clifford P. Baker, E. Morrish, J. Attridge, and Joseph S. Baker Chairman and Managing Director.
Secretary, W. City , Nos. The Manufacture of Gentlemen's and Boys' Clothing, special attention being given to Men's Tailoring at moderate prices, in which a large business is done. School Outfits also receive careful consideration, and have always been a prominent feature. Baker's business was established with the special purpose of producing cheap clothing of good quality for the people; and they were one of the first firms to develop this trade upon an extensive scale. United King dom; also Foreign and Colonial. Head Depot No. Established in by Joseph Baker.
Joined by William Crockett d. Richard Gibson, Thos. Tonks Managing Directors , C. Fullwood , C. Acquired the business of Savage, Son and Tottey, ; T. Consist of large Warehouse and Offices at 1, Dudley Road.
Works in Lord Street. Gibson is a member of the Wolverhampton Town Council. Established in by Frederick Parker Baker. Managing Director: Major L. One of the oldest firms of East India Agents in London. Originally started in Bond Court. Connection India, Colonies, United Kingdom. Parr's Bank, Ltd. Engineering Works: Willesden Junction, N. City Address: Established in Canada in , and in London in The founder was Joseph Baker senior deceased. Chairman , William King Baker, M. Works Manager: George Samuel Baker. The works at Willesden Junction cover three acres of ground.
Brantford, Canada, and Mel bourne, Victoria. All over the world. Louis, ; London, ; London, Several hundred patents have been taken out. Dunstan Hill, London, E. Established in by Richard Baker. Continued in by Howard Startin. Howard Startin and R. Pioneers in the Mica Trade. Mica, Manganese, Mineral Ores and Talc.
Startin, London. London and South Western Bank, Ltd. Established in by William Boulnois. It is a matter of interest connected with the history of the Baker Street Bazaar that it was formerly the Barracks of the Life Guards, and from to the Smithfield Club Cattle Show was held in it. There are hundreds on view in the extensive showrooms, which cover two acres on the principal floor. The department for the Warehousing and Removal of Furniture also forms an important branch -of the business, the Store Warehouses being of great extent.
Sir Samuel Scott, Bart. Nurseries, 6 a. Established in by T. Baker, J. James S. The Nurseries cover acres, devoted to the culture of all kinds of Hardy Plants, Shrubs, Vegetable and Flower Seed trials; also large Floral establishment in Wolverhampton. United Kingdom, extensive clientele; also considerable trade with the Colonies and Foreign Countries. April to September, 9 a. Inventors of Cooling Towers. At many exhibitions. A B C, Lieber's. Baldwin Chairman , W. Viccars Vice-Chairman , P. Baldwin, E. Burtt, J. Clay, S. Hobson, A. Watos, F.
The following businesses have been acquired: Knitting Wools. West Yorkshire Bank. Registered and Head Office: City Office: Established under present title in to carry on as an amalgamated Company the following large and successful undertakings in the iron, coal, and allied trades: Baldwin, Ltd.
William C. Wright, J. Davies, and Col. About 6, persons in all. The following noted brands are important features of the Company's output: In Black Sheets: The " Vale," " Shield," and " Lion and Crown," all of highest possible quality, " dead flat," and suitable for Trunks, Pipes, and all special work; the " Plough," a cheaper brand for ordinary. In Tinned Sheets: The " Baldwin-Wilden," " Cookley K. In Tinplates: The " Cookley K. Works, and numerous Manufactories where steel bars are converted into the above-mentioned classes of sheets. Is one of the largest producers of Galvanised Sheets, and is widely known for the same at home and abroad.
George Balfour, A. Beatty, and William Shearer. William McGill. Office, about fifty. Large amount of labour during contracts. Connection United Kingdom chiefly , Foreign and Colonial. Hatton Wall, London, E. United Kingdom and Colonies. Contractors to the Home and Indian Governments. Established in by James Ballantyne. Nichol; 6 Edward Hanson, P. Logie Pirie, R. Hanson and E. One of the oldest firms in the trade, having an historic connection with Sir Walter Scdtt, and the printing of the Waverley Works. Very extensive works, covering about two acres.
Equipped with all up-to-date appliances. Over Staff Clubs: Book, Law and Commercial Printing. Established about by Joseph Balm and Thos. Managing Directors: Probably the earliest surviving firm of Warp Lace Manufacturers. Staff Club Holiday. Inventions and Patents: Machine now worked by the Nottingham Embroidery Co.
Nottingham and Notts Banking Co. Works, 6 a. Established in by the late E. Thomas Balmforth and William T. Large central works. Total, about eighty-five. Claimed to be clean, strong and durable. Government War Office, R. Clothing Department. He continued the business carried on for thirty years by Charles Townend, who in his turn succeeded the original founders dating back to about Incorporated as a Limited Company in , continued under same management. Diplome d'Honneur, Turin, Telegraphic Address " Balstone, Manchester.
Established in by Louis Bamberger, the present principal. About thirty. Importation of Timber. United Kingdom. Parrs Bank, Ltd. Established in by Edwin Bamford and Charles Bamford. Alfred C. Bamford and Henry S. Provisions and Colonial Dairy products. United Kingdom, America and the Colonies.
Established in by James Bamforth. Claim to be the largest firm of Lantern Slide Manufacturers in the world. Head Office and Works, with total area of floor space 10, feet, with New Studios and Painting Rooms, splendidly lighted and arranged at Holmfirth, Yorkshire. New York, , Broadway; Chicago, Toronto. Originators of " Life Model " Post Cards. Lancashire and Yorkshire Bank, Ltd. OF , Ltd. Established in by A. Executors of A. Bamlett d. The firm have a reputation of over fifty years.
Cover four acres, equipped with all modern appliances. Mowing Machines. Claim that the founder was the original inventor, patentee and manufacturer of Mowing Machines. Royal Warrant: Special appointment to H. Hours of Business 8 a. Established in by George W. Staff; About United Kingdom, Foreign, Colonial, Telephone: BAND, H. Plough Yard, Brentford, London, W. Established thirty years ago by H.
Band, S. Brookman and T. Works in Plough Yard, leading from the High Street to the Canal side, comprising the necessary departments: Make a special feature of Oxford and dark Classic covering Vellums. Binding Vellums in all Colours. United Kingdom, Colonial and United States. Government Stationery, India Office.
Large Legal ' clientele. Head Office: Established in , and incorporated by Royal Charter. Court of Directors: The Right Hon. Lord Aldenham, William R. Barnett, the Hon. Sir Charles W. Fremantle, K. Lord George F. Hamilton, the Right Hon. Alfred Lyttelton, K. Montague Nelson, K. Sir Andrew R. Scoble, K. Richard Walter Jeans. Assistant Manager: John Laird.
All usual banking business is transacted, and the operations of the Bank extend to every part of the world. Paid-up Capital: Reserve Fund: Reserve Liability: Incorporated by Royal Charter in Balfour, J. Brodie, J. Mayne Campbell,. Hoare, Henry J. Kendall, Frederic Lubbock, C. Tomkinson, G. Jackson Dodds. London Office Manager; W. Has ninety-five branches and sub-branches, and transacts all descriptions of banking business. Liverpool Office: Hamburg Office: Incorporated as a Limited Company in the same year. Right Hon. Viscount Milner, G. Edgar, D. Henriques, George Miller, W. Moore, G.
Neville, Sir Owen Philipps, K. Harrison Williams, Mazzini Stuart, J. General Banking. Bank of England and Parr's Bank, Ltd. Reynolds Chairman , F. Chance, A. Neilson Deputy Chairmen , Chas. Booth, Oswald Dobell, A. Earle, Jas. Haggas, E. Paul, J. Rankin, Sir Helenus R. Robertson, W. Peart Robinson, H. Senhouse, J. Slingsby, I.
Storey, and Sir W. Tate, Bart. Assistant General Manager: Head Office Manager: District General Manager: Northern District , F. Branches including Agencies: London Offices: Largest Banking Corporation in the Dominion of Canada. The Rt. Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, G. President , R. Angus President , H. Meredith Vice-President , E. Greenshields, Sir William Macdonald, Hon. Mackay, Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, K. Hosmer, A. Baumgarten, C.
Gordon, H. Drummond, D. Forbes Angus. Meredith Montreal. London Manager: Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor. In the Dominion of Canada, besides several sub - branches in the larger cities ; in Newfoundland, three; in the United States, three, viz. Wellington, N. London Chairman: Frederic Lubbock. London Directors: Holmes, Alex. Alexander Kay. In New Zealand, ; in Australia, 2; in Fiji, 2. Bankers to the New Zealand Government. Four per cent. Hours of Busi- ness: Mill, 6 a. India chiefly , through Manchester Merchants. Lloyds Bank Limited Blackburn. Collins Street, Melbourne.
Edward Miller, M. Chairman , Lionel F. Alfred Edwin Wallis. James D. Law Melbourne. Ninety-eight in Victoria. Every description of Banking business transacted. Established in by Messrs. Continued by 1 Gibson; 2 Birkbeck. Twenty experts in Pencilmaking. Black Lead. Pencils Graphite. Liverpool and Kendal Banking Co. Established in by J.
Millward Banks. United Kingdom and Colonial. Sales Establishment: Established in by Thos. Henry Banks. Cover nearly two acres. Fifty, increasing to seventy during the busy season. Banner, C. William Edwards, A. Gold Medal, Society of Arts, for the best sanitated house in London. Gold and other Medals for Sanitary Appliances.
Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers. Established in by R. Consist of three departments, occupying about 8, sq. Complete Printers' Furnishers. The " Rigid " Case Rack, Pat. The only Printers' Case Rack securing absolute safety and rigidity. Made throughout in steel and iron. Every stay acts as a lock. Fireproof and dustproof. Established in by Henry Bannister. Rosa A. Warder, Arthur H. Morgan, William E. Hillyer, and Amy Bedoura since Cover feet in length with a frontage of feet. Yacht Rope of the highest quality a special feature, and all accessories.
The King. Established in by Isaac Barber and James Barber, for many years controlled by James Barber and afterwards by his son. Present Proprietors: Trade Marks: Barbour, the present principal. Cotton Seed Cake and Meal. United Kingdom and the Continent. Baltimore 2nd and 3rd Editions , Riverside and Private.
Ulster Bank, Ltd. Antrim, Ireland. Factory, 6 a. Established in by John Barbour d. Business removed by his son William Barbour d. Amalgamated with the Linen Thread Co. Frank Barbour, J. Milne Barbour, D. Barbour, C. Cover about forty-five acres. Finely erected buildings, equipped with up-todate appliances; also extensive Mills in Paterson, New Jersey.
Factory in Ottensen, Germany, and Mill at Dunmurry. Hands employed: Thread and Twine for Netting and Fishing Lines. Patents and Inventions: An Open Hand and word " Flax. Established Thomas Turner. Large Workshops and Offices in Kilmarnock. From to Usual banking hours. Established in by amalgamation of several well known private banking firms in London and country. Frederick Craufurd Goodenough. William Favill Tuke. Edwin Fisher. Thirteen in London, and in the country.
The principal London branches are at 54, Lombard Street, E. Gosling's , 1, Pall Mall East, S. Paid up Capital: Head Office No. Whiteinch, Glasgow. Established in by Robert Barclay. Incorporated as a Limited Company, under present title, in Gilchrist Chairman , Wm. Peck, Chas.
Randolph Smith, Thomas Morton, Thos. Thirlaway, Dr. Hunter, Wm. Denton; Henry Scully, Secretary. The Company is one of the representative British Shipbuilding concerns, constructing vessels of various types for the Naval and Mercantile Services. Accomplished the third largest output of tonnage on the Clyde for the years and , and second in ; tonnage launched in , 47, tons, and I. Shipyard, Nos. Hillhead, No. Western; Drawing Office, No. Western; Engine Works, No. Govan two lines , No. Govan; Govan Graving Dock, No. Private Dry Dock. Bank of Scotland Glasgow and London.
Established fully three hundred years ago, the business is one of the oldest in the kingdom. The Company possess the cash-book of the Brewery for the years to The business was then in the hands of the Child family. Subsequently Edmund Halsey an employee who married his master's daughter became sole proprietor.
He amassed a fortune in a few years, and sold the business to his nephew and manager, Ralph Thrale, who further developed it, and left it on his death to his son Henry. Johnson, whose portrait is the trade-mark of the firm, has much to say regarding the connection of the Thrales with the Brewery, and ultimately acted as executor and trustee under the will of Henry Thrale. After the death of Henry Thrale the business was managed for a short time by John Perkins, until purchased by David Barclay, who took into partnership Sylvanus Bevan, and also John Perkins, the former manager.
From that time a Barclay, a Perkins, and a Bevan have never been absent from the firm. Incorporated as a Limited Liability Company in Giffard Chairman and Managing Director , R. Barclay, E. Barclay, A. Perkins, G. Bevan, Sir Nevile Lubbock, K. Perkins, H. Barclay, D. The Anchor Brewery and its appurtenances cover nearly eight acres of ground. The site is undoubtedly one of the most interesting in London.
Throughout the United Kingdom, and many parts of the world. Established early in , and acquired by Cornelius Barham and James Marriage in Marriage, Harry Langdon. Elizabeth will never be vindicated from treachery, hypocrisy, and cruelty in the death of Mary. The love of her subjects was the pretext: The long and undeserved suffer ings of Mary, from one of her own sex, a sister princess, from whom she had reason to expect every relief, makes one forget her crime, and fling a veil over the fault of distressed, yet criminal beauty.
No monument blazons their virtues: George I. A very fine figure of Time, cut in Italy, in white marble, holds in his hand a scroll, with an inscription of uncommon elegance, written by Doctor Friend, to commemorate the premature death of the honorable Philip Car teret, at the age of Andies claros pietate, morum Integer, multae studiosus artis: Hic frequens olim leget, haec sequetur Aemula pubes. Addison, made on the spot: When I look says the delightful moralist upon the tombs of the great, every emotion of envy dies in me: ON the dissolution, this great monastery, the second mitred abby in the kingdom, underwent the common lot of the religious houses.
In , the abbot, William Benson, subscribed to the king's supremacy, and in surrendered his monastery into the royal hands, and received as a reward the office of first dean to the new foundation, consisting of a dean and twelve preben daries. He also erected it into a bishoprick, but its only bi shop was Thomas Thirleby; it being suppressed in , on his translation to Norwich. When the protector Somerset ruled in the fulness of power, this magnificent, this sacred pile narrowly escaped a total demolition.
It was his design to have pulled it down to the ground, and to have applied the materials towards the palace he was then erecting in the Strand, known by the name of Somerset -house. He was diverted from his design by a bribe of not fewer than fourteen manors. He fell on the scaffold on Tower-hill, lamented only because his overthrow was effected by a man more wicked, more ambitious, and more detested than himself.
In their ends there was a consent of justice: IN the reign of queen Mary, the former religion of the place experienced a brief restoration. But there seems to have been a school there from the first foundation of the abby. The cloisters are entire, and filled with monuments. The north and west cloisters were built by abbot Littlington, who died in THE entrance into the chapter-house built in is on one side of the cloister, through a most rich and magnificent gothic portal, the mouldings most exquisitely carved: After a descent of several steps, is the chap ter-house, an octagon, each side of which had most superb and lofty windows, now filled up, and lighted by lesser.
The opening into this room is as noble as that from the cloister. The central pillar remains, light, slender, and elegant, surrounded by eight others; bound by two equidistant fasciae, and terminated in capi tals of beautiful simplicity. By consent of the abbot, in , the commons of Great Britain first held their parlements in his place; the crown undertaking the repairs. Here they sat till the year , when Edward VI. Stephen for that purpose. It is at present filled with the public records, among which is the original Domesday book, now above seven hundred years old: The roof, which forms the floor of the former, is supported by a short round pillar, quite hollow.
The top spreads into massy plain ribs, the supports of the roof. The walls are not less than eighteen feet thick, and form a most firm base to the superstructure. THE Jerusalem chamber was part of the abbot's lodgings; and built by Littlington. It is noted for having been the place where Henry IV. Edward; and, being carried into this room, asked, on recovering, where he was? The devil is said to have practised such a delusion on pope Sylvester II.
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The church belonging to it was in form of a cross, and double; one being built over the other. It is supposed to have been the work of the Confessor. Within its precincts was born Edward V; and here his unhappy mother took refuge, with her younger son Richard, to secure him from his cruel uncle, who had already possession of the elder brother.
But it is still more remarkable for having been the place where the first printing press ever known in England was erected. It was in the year ; when William Caxton, probably encouraged by the learned Thomas Milling, then abbot, produced The Game and Play of the Chesse, the first book ever printed in these kingdoms. There is a slight difference about the place in which it was printed, but all agree that it was within the precincts of this reli gious house. Would the monks have permitted this, could they have foreseen how certainly the art would conduce to their overthrow, by the extension of knowlege, and the long-concealed truths of Christianity?
Mar geret, built originally by Edward the Confessor. It was rebuilt in the time of Edward I. This church is honored with the remains of the great Sir Walter Raleigh, who was interred here on the same day on which he was beheaded in Old Palace Yard. It was left to a sensible churchwarden to inform us of the fact, who in scribed it on a board, about twenty years ago. THE east window is a most beautiful composition of figures.
By the opposi tion and absurdity of a cotemporary prebend, this fine ornament run a great risque of being pulled down again. The subject is the crucifixion; a devil is carrying off the soul of the hardened thief; an angel receiving that of the penitent. Silly enough! The figures are numerous, and finely done. On one side is Henry VI. On the other side is his queen in the same atti tude, and above her the fair St. Catherine with the instruments of her martyrdom. This charming performance is engraved at the cost of the Society of Antiquaries.
It stood near the Thames: In old times a very handsome conduit, or, as it was called, fountain, graced one part: This may be seen in Hollar 's print, N o 6, and in the old plan of London, as it was in the be ginning of the reign of queen Elizabeth. Succeeding monarchs added much to it. The size may be estimated, when we are told that Henry III.
It became ruinous before the reign of Richard II. Twenty-eight oxen, three hundred sheep, and fowls without number, were daily consumed. The number of his guests each day were ten thousand. We need not wonder then, that Richard kept two thousand cooks. They certainly were deeply learned in their profession; witness The Forme of Cury, compiled about , by the master cooks of this luxurious monarch, in which are pre served receits for the most exquisite dishes of the time.
This book was printed by the late worthy Gustavus Brander, esq with an excellent preface by that able antiquary the reverend Mr. Brander favored me with a copy: THIS room exceeds in dimension any in Europe, which is not supported by pillars; its length is two hundred and seventy feet; the breadth seventy-four. Its height adds to its solemnity. In , when, in the reign of Richard II.
It was open on all sides, that the constituents might see every thing that was said and done: This fully answered the intent: The judges of the courts were made knights bannerets, and had materials given them for making most sumptuous habits for the occasion. Among others, they had for a cloak cxx bellies of minever pure, i. The judges in old times rode to court: Kinner sley, a servant of the king's, belonging to the wardrobe. They were at first kept in Cotton-house, which was purchased by the crown. They were afterwards removed to another house in Westminster, and finally deposited in the British Museum.
Let me add, that the room in which the books were originally lodged, had been the oratory of Edward the Con fessor. THE house of lords is a room ornamented with the tapestry which records our victory over the Spanish Armada. The design was drawn by Cornelius Vroom, and the tapestry executed by Francis Spiering.
Vroom had a hundred pieces of gold for his labor. It was not put up till the year , two years after the extinction of monarchy, when the house of lords was used as a committee-room for the house of commons. The heads of the naval heroes who commanded on the glorious days, form a matchless border round the work, animating posterity to emulate their illustrious example!
IN the Prince 's chamber, where his majesty puts on his robes when he comes to the house of lords, is a curious old tapestry, representing the birth of queen Elizabeth. Anne Bullen in her bed; an attendant on one side, and a nurse with the child on the other. The story is a little broken into by the loss of a piece of the Arras, cut to make a passage for the door. On the south side of this room are three gothic windows. The outside of the south end shews the great antiquity of the building, having in it two great round arches, with zigzag mouldings, our most antient species of archi tecture.
No starr was allowed to be valid except found in those repositories: In the reigns of Henry VII. The room is now called the Painted Chamber, and is used as the place of conference between the lords and commons. It makes a very poor appearance, being hung with very antient French or Arras tapestry, which, by the names worked over the figures, seems to relate to the Trojan war. The windows are of the antient simple gothic. On the north outside, beyond the windows, are many marks of recesses, groins, arms, on the remains of some other room.
NUMBERS of other great apartments are still preserved on each side of the entrance into Westminster-hall, in the law court of ex chequer, and adjacent; and the same in the money exchequer, and the dutchy of Lancaster: AT the foot of the staircase is a round pillar, having on it the arms of John Stafford, lord treasurer from to To this day, the manner in which Providence directed the discovery is un known. The plot evidently was confined to a few persons of des perate zeal and wickedness: The success, they knew, must be fol lowed with a general insurrection, and completion of their wishes.
It was beautifully rebuilt by Edward III. Soon after its surrender to Edward VI. Between it and the lobby of the house is a small vestibule of the same sort of work, and of great elegance. At each end is a gothic door, and one in the middle, which is the passage into the lobby. On the south side of the outmost wall of the chapel, appear the marks of some great gothic windows, with abutments between; and beneath, some lesser windows, once of use to light an under chapel.
The inside of St. Stephen 's is adapted to the present use, and plainly fitted up. THE far greater part of the under-chapel of St. Stephen, is pos sessed by his grace the duke of Newcastle, as auditor of the ex chequer. Several parts are walled up for the meanest uses; even a portion serves, with its rich roof, for a coal-hole. That which has the good fortune to be allotted for the steward's room, is very well kept. In one part of the roof is cut a neat, and, I believe, true representation of the front of the cha pel, bounded on each side by a turret. Another of the same kind, held by an angel, appears on the wall.
A gallery runs over each side of the cloister, with windows of light stone tracery, looking into the court or area, which is deformed by a modern kitchen and its appendages. It probably was a belfry, to hold the bells that roused the holy members of the chapel to prayer. The roof is spread over with ribs of stone, which rest on the numerous round pillars that compose the support.
In a circle on the roof, is a martyrdom of St. Stephen, cut in stone. In another circle, is a representation of St. John the Evangelist cast into a cauldron of boiling oil, by command of the emperor Domitian. These before had been kept in Flanders: Henry VI. The concourse of people, which this removal of the wool-staple to Westminster occasioned, caused this royal village to grow into a considerable town: Walpole says, none had a purer taste in architecture. It was built after the design of Monsieur Labelye, an ingenious architect, a native of France.
Its length is feet; the number of arches fourteen, that in the center seventy-six feet wide. In this bridge, grandeur and simplicity are united. In Canon Row, so named from being inhabited by the canons of the church, but corrupted into Chan nel Row, was the stately house built by the termagant Anne Stan hope, wife to the protector Somerset; whose dispute, about some point of female precedency, is said to have contributed in some degree to her husband's fall. She left this house to her son Ed ward earl of Hertford.
Astonishing accuracy! IN this part of the town were some other houses of our nobi lity. He bequeathed it to the Black Friars in Holborn, and they disposed of it to Walter de Grey archbishop of York, in It became for centuries the residence of the prelates of that see, and was styled York-house.
In it Wolsey took his final leave of greatness. Henry deigned to purchase the palace from his fallen servant: HENRY had an uncommon composition: The prince who could, with the utmost sang froid, burn Catholics and Protestants, take off the heads of the partners of his bed one day, and celebrate new nup tials the next, had, notwithstanding, a strong taste for refined plea sures. He cultivated architecture and painting, and invited from abroad artists of the first merit.
The top, as well as that of an elegant tower on each side, were embattled. On each front were four busts in baked clay, in proper colors, which re sisted to the last every attack of the weather: These, I have been lately informed, are preserved in a private hand. This charming struc ture fell a sacrifice to conveniency within my memory: The last blocked up the road to King-street, and was called King's-gate. Henry built it as a passage to the park, the tennis-court, bowling-green, the cock-pit, and tilting-yard; for he was extremely fond of athletic exercises; they suited his strength and his temper.
Essex by his squire here told her of her beauty and worth. A Dutch ambassador assured her majesty, that he had undertaken the voyage to see her majesty, who for beauty and wisdom excelled all other beauties in the world. The artful Scot evaded her question. She put on a new habit of every foreign nation, each day of audience, to attract his admiration.
Tom wears 2:
So fond was she of dress, that three thousand different habits were found in her wardrobe after her death. Mortifying reflection! SHE was very fond of dancing. I admire the humour she shewed in using this exercise, whenever a messenger came to her from her successor James VI. Among others, was a little one in her own hand writing, addressed to her father. At the beginning was a miniature of her lover the Duc d'Anjou, at the end one of herself, both by Hilliard: His mother, Catherine de Medicis, had been told by an astrologer, that all her sons were to become monarchs.
Anjou visited England, and was received with every species of coquetry. A ban queting-house, most superbly ornamented, was erected at the ex pence of above a thousand seven hundred pounds. Her majesty, at the time aged forty-eight, received every flat tery that the charms of fifteen could clame. This fortresse of perfect beautie was assailed by Desire, and his four foster chil dren.
The first had made a vow to present himself armed at the Tilt-Yard, on the 27th of Novem ber annually, till he was disabled by age. This gave rise to the annual exercises of arms during the reign. Age overtook Sir Henry in the thirty-third year of her majesty: Sir Henry, in the year , in vested his successor with much form; and in the true spirit of chivalry and romance, in the presence of the queen and the whole court, armed the new champion and mounted him upon his horse. His own armour he offered at the foot of a crowned pillar, near her majesty's feet: He died aged 80, in the year , and was interred in the once elegant little church of Quarendon, near Aylesbury.
It is difficult to say whether that or the tomb is most ruinous. The figure of the knight appears in armour reclining, with one hand support ing his head, the other on his sword; on his neck is a rich collar with the George pendant; his hair is short and curled; his face bearded and whiskered. He lies beneath a rich canopy, supported by suits of armour like antient trophies.
The epitaph tell us, The warres abroad with honnor he did passe, In courtlie justs his sovereigns knight he was. Sixe princes he did serve. In a work which furnished so few architectural subjects for the engraver, I present the reader with the portrait of this venerable knight, taken from an original in possession of the late Mrs. Sydney Lee, of Chester; who with great politeness obliged me with a re duced copy. He was sprung from a Cheshire family, the same which produced the Lees, earls of Lichfield.
By accident it was left one night in his bed-chamber, unknown to a faithless servant, who entered the room with an intent to rob and murder his master, but was seized on his entrance by the affection ate animal. Her majesty says she is very well. To-morrow she hath com manded the beares, the bull, and the ape to be bayted in the tilt-yard.
Whitehall was in a most ruinous state. He determined to rebuild it in a very princely manner, and wor thy of the residence of the monarchs of the British empire. He began with pulling down the banquetting rooms built by Eliza beth. That which bears the name at present was begun in , from a design of Inigo Jones, in his purest manner; and executed by Nicholas Stone, master-mason and architect to the king: THE cieling of this noble room cannot be sufficiently admired.
It was painted by Rubens, who had three thousand pounds for his work. The subject is the apotheosis of James I; it forms nine compartments; one of the middle, represents our pacific monarch on his earthly throne, turning with horror from Mars, and other of the discordant deities, and as if it were giving himself up to the amiable goddess he always cultivated, to her attendants.
Commerce and all the fine arts. This fine performance is painted on can vass, and is in fine preservation; but, a few years ago, underwent a repair by Mr. Cipriani, who, as I am told, had two thousand pounds for his trouble. Near the entrance is a bust of the royal founder. He had been brought, in the morning of his death, from St. James 's across the park, and from thence to Whitehall, where, ascending the great staircase, he passed through the long gallery to his bed chamber, the place allotted to him to pass the little space before he received the fatal blow. It is one of the lesser rooms marked with the letter A, in the old plan of Whitehall.
This passage still remains, at the north end of the room, and is at present the door to a small additional building of late date. THE banquetting-house has been, many years past, converted into a chapel. They were kept in a room called the Cabinet-room, in this palace; which was built by order of prince Henry, from a design of Inigo Jones. I have a view of it, and some of the antient parts of Whitehall which stood next to St. James 's park. This building is distinguished by the Venetian window. It stood on the fite of the duke of York 's house.
Condolences for View Condolences
On the death of Henry it was confirmed to him by Charles, at the reduced salary of forty. The view is taken from a drawing by Levines, an artist who had worked under Rembrandt. This I owe to the liberality of Doctor Combes. THE pictures were sold by order of the ruling powers. IN a complete plan of this great palace was taken by John Fisher, and engraven by Vertue, in James 's Park.
The merry king, his queen, the royal brother, prince Rupert, the duke of Monmouth, and all the great officers, and all the courtly train, had their lodg ings within these walls; and all the royal family had their diffe rent offices, such as kitchens, cellars, pantries, spiceries, cyder-house, bake-house, wood-yards and coal-yards, and slaughter-house.
We see among the fair attendants of queen Catherine, many names which make a great figure in Grammont, and other chronicles of the time: Kirk, and Mrs. It is the first good one on the left hand of St. James 's Square, as we enter from Pall-mall. The back room on the ground floor was within memory entirely of looking glass; as was said to have been the cieling.
Over the chimney was her picture; and that of her sister was in a third room. At the period I mention, this house was the property of Thomas Brand, esq of the Hoo, in Hertsordshire. THE other royal favorites had the sanction of offices, such as maids of honor and the like, which, in all ages, like charity, were sure to cover a multitude of sins. Henry, and his daughter Elizabeth, made all their parties by water or on horseback; or now and then the last went mounted on a litter, carried on men's shoulders.
Coaches had been introduced into England by Henry Fitzalan earl of Arundel, one of her admirers; but the spirited princess seems to have dis dained the use. She rode in a dress of form and magnificence equal to what she appeared in at the drawing-room; but never put on breeches or boots, like the late Czarina; nor yet the equi vocal dress of the ladies of the present age. NO one is unacquainted with the noble and commodious im provements which succeeded.
The space occupied by the former palace, most part of Privy Garden, is covered with houses of nobi lity or gentry, commanding most beautiful views of the river. Among the first on the site of the small-beer cellar, of which a view is preserved in N o 4. Paul 's, and multitudes of other objects less magnificent, but which serve to complete the beautiful scene. IN the great room is some very fine Gobelins tapestry. I never can sufficiently admire the expression of passions, in two of the subjects: This beautiful performance is on white marble.
It is supposed to have been the work of Velasco. A PORTRAIT of William earl of Pembroke, lord high chamber lain in the beginning of the reign of Charles I; a small full length in black, with his white rod in one hand, his hat in the other, standing in a room looking into a garden. IN the vacant part of Privy Garden is still to be seen a noble statue in brass of our abdicated monarch, executed by Grinling Gibbons, the year before he deserted his throne. THE horse-guards had their stables in the place they occupy at this time: In it is the merry monarch and his dogs; and in the back view, the banquetting-house, one of the gates, the pre sent treasury in its antient state, and the top of the cockpit.
From the roof, the pious Usher, archbishop of Armagh, then liv ing here with the countess of Peterborough, was prevaled on to take the last sight of his beloved master Charles I. He sunk at the horror of the sight, and was carried in a swoon to his apartment. THE present Admiralty-office was rebuilt in the late reign: It was originally given by king Edgar to king Ken, for the humiliating purpose of his making to this place an annual journey, for the purpose of doing homage for the kingdom of Scotland, and in after times for Cumberland and Huntingdon, and other fiefs of the crown.
Here Margaret, widow of James V. This and all the others were built after the designs of Cavalini. From a drawing communicated to me by Doctor Combes, it appears to have been of an octagonal form, and in an upper stage ornamented with eight figures: It was not erected till the year , when the parlement had ordered it to be sold and broke to pieces: Mary Rounceval, a cell to the priory of Rouncevaux, in Navarre. It was suppressed by Henry V. ON the north side of Charing-Cross stand the royal stables, called, from the original use of the buildings on their site, the Mews; having been used for keeping the king's falcons, at lest from the time of Richard II.
In that reign the accomplished Sir Simon Burley, knight of the garter, was keeper of the king's falcons at the Meuse, near Charing-Cross. This office was by Charles II. Albans, and the heirs male of his body. In an accident by fire destroyed the building, with a great quantity of hay, and seve ral great horses. It was rebuilt in the reigns of Edward VI. In the year the present handsome edifice arose.
James, by some pious citizens, before the Conquest, for fourteen leprous females: On the quarrel between the great earl of Warwick and lord Cromwel, about the cause of the first battle of St. His majesty also inclosed the park, which was subservient to the amusement of this and the palace of White hall. Charles II. IT does not appear that the palace was inhabited by any of our monarchs till after the fire at Whitehall. James I. Charles I.
Some of the eleven days which he was permitted to live, were spent in Westminster-hall, and of the nights in the house of Sir Robert Cotton, adjacent to his place of trial. On the 27th he was carried back to St. James 's, where he passed his three last days in exemplary piety. HIS son, the bigoted James, sent to the prince of Orange, when he had approached in force near to the capital, a most necessitated invitation to take his lodgings at this palace. The prince ac cepted it: It was customary to mount guard at both the palaces. The old hero lord Craven was on duty at the time when the Dutch guards were marching through the park to relieve, by order of their master.
James's was fitted up for the residence of the princess Anne afterwards queen and her spouse prince George of Denmark. From that time to the present it has been regularly the court of our monarchs. The bed stood close to the door of a back-stairs, which descended to an inner court. It certainly was very convenient to carry on any secret design; and might favor the silly warming-pan story, was not the bed surrounded by twenty of the privy-council, four other men of rank, twenty ladies, besides pages and other atten dants.
But, as James proved false to his high trust, and his son shewed every symptom of following his example, there was certainly no such pretence wanting for excluding a family inimical to the in terests of the GREAT WHOLE. James 's palace may look, it is said to be the most commodious for regal parade of any in Europe. Every one knows that the furniture of this palace is un becoming the place.
Among others in one of the rooms behind the levee rooms is a small full-length of Henry prince of Wales, son of James I. He is dressed in green, standing over a dead stag, and sheathing a sword. A youth, the accomplished lord Harrington, of Exton, is kneeling before him: Henry stands by him, and his sister Margaret, of in fant ages.
This picture is by Mabuse, who visited England in the reign of their father. The fortunate Jane Seymour who died in her bed is the consort of the son, here represented. The original was painted on the wall in the privy chamber of Whitehall, and destroyed in the fire of He was the second son of James II. On December 3d, , he was elected knight of the garter, at the age of three years and five months.
The sovereign put the George round his neck; and prince Rupert, the garter round his little leg. THE diminutive manhood of the dwarf Geoffry Hudson, is to be seen in another picture. He appears less by being placed walk ing under some very tall trees. IN the lords old waiting-room is Henry Darnley, in black, tall and genteel. His hand is resting on his brother Charles Stuart, earl of Lenox, dressed in a black gown. IN another room is Charles II. He was inaugurated in His reign was unhappy. Spain at no period was in so low, so distressful a condition.
His dominions were parcelled out in his life-time: Evelyn justly remarks the absurdity of painting them with navels, and a fountain with rich imagery amidst the beauteous wilds of paradise. And two others, of the same prince and his queen dining in public. And another of the elector palatine and his spouse at public table; with a carver, looking most ridiculous, a monkey having in that moment reared from the board and seized on his beard.
Possibly this feast was at Guildhall, where he was most nobly entertained by the hospitable city, in , when he made the match with the daughter of our monarch, which ended so unhappily for both parties. TO the east of St. It appears by one of Kip 's views of St. James 's, published before the existence of this house, that it was built in part of the royal gardens, granted for that purpose by her majesty. The present duke added an upper story, and improved the ground floor, which originally wanted the great room.
This national compliment cost not less than forty thousand pounds. IN Pall-mall the duke Schomberg had his house. BY the year , Cockspur-street filled up the space between those houses and Charing-Cross. Pall-mall was also laid out as a walk, or a place for the exercise of the Mall, a game long since disused. The north side was also planted with a row of trees. On the other side was the wall of St. Of late, the French have endeavoured to borrow taste from us. In the fine plan of London, published by Faithorn, in , no traces of houses are to be met with in the former, any more than a single one, named the Gaming-house, at the end next to Piccadilly.
Windmill-street consisted of disjoined houses; and a windmill, standing in a field on the west side, proves from what its name was derived. All the space occupied by the streets radiating from the Seven Dials, was at that period open ground. It was founded by one of the Sydnies earls of Leicester. It was for a short time the residence of Elizabeth, daughter of James I. It has been tenanted for a great number of years.
It was successively the pouting-place of princes. The late king, when prince of Wales, after he had quarrelled with his father, lived here several years. His son Frederick followed his example, succeeded him in his house, and in it finished his days. It was the most astonishing collection of the subject of natural history ever collected, in so short a space, by any individual.
To the disgrace of our kingdom, after the first burst of wonder was over, it became neglected: Finally, the capricious goddess frowned on the spirited possessor of such a number of tickets, and transferred the treasure to the possessor of only two, Mr. Parkinson; who, by his spirited attention to, and elegant disposition of the Museum, well merited the favor. Foubert afterwards kept here his academy for rid ing and other gentleman-like exercises, in the reign of Charles II. It is to this day a noted riding-school. It is lost in the street of the same name.
I have heard that his good lady was vastly dis pleased at the bloody corse being flung upon the best bed. It was the residence of lord keeper Coventry; and Henry Coventry, secretary of state, died here in This house is said to be on the site of one called, in the old plans of London, the Gaming-house.
Oliver Spencer Journal
AT the upper end of the Haymarket, stood Piccadilla-hall, where Piccadillas or Turn-overs were sold, which gave name to that vast street, called from that circumstance Piccadilly. This street was completed in , as far as the present Berkeley-street. The first good house which was built in it was Burlington-house; the noble founder, father to the late earl of Burlington, said he placed it there because he was certain no one would build be yond him.
Nobody is ignorant of the vast town that, since that period, has extended itself beyond this palace. After this rose Clarges-house, and two others adjacent, inhabited, says Strype, by lord Sherbourne and the countess of Denby. Golden-square, of dirty access, was built after the Revolution, or before In these fields had been the lazareto, during the period of the dreadful plague of the year It was built by that true hero lord Craven, who stayed in London during the whole time; and braved the fury of the pestilence, with the same coolness as he fought the battles of his beloved mistress Elizabeth, titular queen of Bohemia; or mounted the tremendous breach at Creutz nach.
He was the intrepid soldier, the gallant lover, the genuine patriot. IN Bond-street was built no farther than the west end of Clifford-street. New Bond-street was at that time an open field, called Conduit Mead, from one of the conduits which supplied this part of the town with water: Its portico would be thought handsome had you space to admire it. It now looks Brobdignagian. This was one of the fifty new churches, and the parish stolen out of that of St. Mar tin in the Fields. It is the last parish in this part of Westminster, excepting the distant Mary-bonne.
Every part besides was open ground, covered with dunghills, and all sorts of obscenity. The fair was attended with such disor ders, riots, thefts, and even murders, that, in , it was pre sented by the magistrates. It revived again, and I remember the last celebrations: On the spot called Hay-hill, near the present Berkeley-square, there was a skirmish between a party of the insurgents and another of the royal army, in which the former were repulsed.
Three of the insurgents were also hung in chains near the head of their leader. THIS extensive tract, at present a vast seat of the most elegant population, is far from being destitute of places of devotion: In this enlightened age it was quickly discovered that "Godliness was profitable to many. A chapel was erected, well-pewed, well-warmed, dedi cated, and consecrated. A captivating preacher is provided, the pews are filled, and the good undertakers amply repayed by the pious tenantry.
Oxford-street, from Princes-street eastward as far as High-street St. Giles 's, was almost unbuilt on the north side. I remember there a deep hollow road, and full of sloughs: The south side was built as far as Swallow-street. The duke of Monmouth lived in the center house, facing the statue. Originally the square was called, in honor of him, Monmouth-square; and afterwards changed to that of King-square.
The house was pur chased by the late lord Bateman, and let by the present lord to the Comte de Guerchy, the French ambassador. After which it was leased on building leases. The name of the unfortunate duke is still preserved in Monmouth-street. It stood be tween the south end of Berkeley-square and Piccadilly, and gave name to the square and an adjacent street.
The misery and dis grace which the profligacy of one of the daughters brought on the house, by an intrigue with her brother-in-law, lord Grey, afterwards engaged in the Monmouth rebellion is too lastingly recorded in our State Trials, ever to be buried in oblivion.
The old house, which was built by the first duke, was burnt in the reign of George II. It was rebuilt by the third duke, after a design by Kent. Here is an excellent library, and a very fine collection of medals. The portraits are so numerous in this noble house, that I must leave the complete list to those who have more opportunities of forming it than I had.
Among others, is a fine portrait of Marc Antonio de Dominis, the vain de sultory archbishop of Spalato, who, abjuring the Roman catholic religion, came over to England, and was appointed master of the Savoy. He had not been here long, but he publicly retracted all he had wrote against the church of Rome.
James ordered him to depart the kingdom in three days. He had the folly to trust himself at Rome; where, his sincerity being doubted, he was flung into prison, where he ended his days. He is painted by Tin toret, represented in his study, sitting, in black, and with a square cap. Hampden, and, like him, active in the cause of liberty; a fine full length, by Vandyck, Sir Thomas and his lady are in black; one child is on her lap, two stand before him, on whom he looks with great affection.
When I thought of a passage in his famous book, I could but smile at the number of children. His sentiments on the consequence of matrimony are most singular. I dare not quote the passage: Let it be remembered he was a bache lor when he wrote. And another of the painter Carlo Cignani, also by himself. The only time he ever buckled it on, was when he shewed himself to his troops going on the assault of St. He merited to be stripped of the honorable dress: I WILL close this very imperfect list, with the famous countess of Desmond; a popular subject with the painters: THE collection of pictures by the great Italian masters, is by far the finest private collection now in England.
THE house of that monster of treachery, that profligate mini ster the earl of Sunderland, who, by his destructive advice, preme ditatedly brought ruin on his unsuspecting master James II. At the very time that he sold him to the prince of Orange, he encouraged his majesty in every step which was certain of involving him and his family in utter ruin. On the south side is the Green-park, bounded by a wall; but in many places are rows of benevolent railings, which afford a most elegant view of that park, the trees in that of St. James 's, the majestic venerable abby soaring far above, and the more remote rural view of the Surry hills.
Beyond the Turnpike-house, stood the house of a noble, celebrated by Mr. Pope for his passion for dancing; who de manded an audience from queen Anne, after the death of George prince of Denmark, to advise her majesty to dispel her grief by applying to that exercise: I have heard it said, that this was only his country-house; which might possibly have been, at that time. George 's hospi tal, founded by the voluntary contributions of the inhabitants of Westminster.
It is incredible with what speed the citizens flung a rampart of earth all round the city and suburbs of London, and again round Southwark and Lambeth, strengthened with bat teries and redoubts at proper intervals. This was occasioned by an alarm of an attack from the royal army. Men, women, and children assisted by thousands. The active part which the fair sex took in the work is admirably described by the inimitable author of Hudibras; who, says he, March'd rank and file with drum and ensign, T' entrench the city for defence in: Rais'd rampiers with their own soft hands, To put the enemy to stands; From ladies down to oyster-wenches, Labour'd like pioneers in trenches, Fal'n to their pick-axes and tools, And help'd the men to dig like moles.
Have not the handmaids of the city Chos'n of their members a committee, For raising of a common purse, Out of their wages to raise horse? And do they not as Triers fit, To judge what officers are fit? James 's palace, which merit mention. Berkshire-house, belonging to the Howards, earls of Berkshire, stood very near the royal resi dence. It was afterwards purchased, and presented by Charles II.
Oliver Spencer Journal
She sold part, which was built into various houses. She built a large one for herself, which still re mains, and may be distinguished by the row of round windows in the upper story. After the death of the countess it became the property of her second son, the unfortunate Wil liam lord Stafford, a most gentle and amiable character, who fell an innocent victim to the detestable violence of party, and the perjured suborned evidence of the ever infamous Oates, Dugdale, and Tuberville. Good men, who had no share in that part, hur ried away by intemperate passion, were at the period disgraced by their rage against this inoffensive peer.
Even the virtuous lord Russel committed in this cause the single opprobrium of his life: Within three years, this ex cellent man himself tasted the bitter cup; but cleared, by royal indulgence, from the aggravating dregs, with which he wished to agonize the dying moments of the devoted Stafford. HERE were kept the poor remains of the Arundelian collection. They were buried during the madness of the popish plot. The mob would have mistaken the statues for popish saints.
They were sold in the year ; and the house soon after was pulled, down. Walpole; who saw the house at the time of the second sale, informed me that it was very large, and had a very venera ble appearance. It was afterwards purchased by John Sheffield duke of Buckingham, who, after obtaining an additional grant of land from the crown, rebuilt it, in a magnificent manner, in He has omitted his constant visits to the noted gaming-house at Marybone, the place of assemblage of all the infamous sharpers of the time. His grace always gave them a dinner at the conclusion of the season, and his parting toast was, May as many of us as remain unhanged next spring, meet here again.
I remember the facetious Quin tell ing this story at Bath, within the hearing of the late lord Chester field, when his lordship was surrounded by a crowd of worthies of the same stamp with the above. Lady Mary Wortley alludes to the amusement in this time; Some dukes at Marybone bowl time away. Antiently there was a park at Marybone: The duke died in His dutchess, daughter to James II. She was succeeded by the duke's natu ral son, Charles Herbert Sheffield, on whom his grace had entailed it after the death of the young duke, who died a minor.
James 's- street, on the site of the pre sent Graften-street. It was built by himself, with the stones in tended for the rebuilding of St. Paul 's. He purchased the ma terials; but a nation soured with an unsuccessful war, with fire, and with pestilence, imputed every thing as a crime to this great and envied character: It cost fifty thousand pounds, and three hundred men were em ployed in the building. This refinement in revenge saved the duke's life: The court had use for so complete a villain, and sunk follow as to apply to his grace for pardon for the offence against him; the duke granted it with a generous indignation.
Blood had a pension of five hundred a year, and was constantly seen in the presence-chamber: The three assassins were exe cuted in Pall-mall on the bloody spot: The gallant William earl of Devonshire would have avenged the death of his friend: He afterwards met with a fate suited to his actions: Alban's streets took their names from the gal lant Henry Jermyn earl of St. Alban's, who had a house at the head of the last. He was supposed to have been privately mar ried to the queen dowager, Henrietta Maria. James, founded in the latter part of the reign of Charles II.
London was so vastly increased about this period, that a new church in this place was necessary. Ac cordingly, as much was taken from the parish of St. Martin in the Fields, as to form another. It is a rectory, to which, at first, the bishop of London had a right of two turns in the presentation. Lord Jermyn, nephew to the earl, had the third: It is supported by the tree of life; the serpent is offering the fruit to our first parents, who stand beneath: Philip baptizing the eunuch: THE chancel, above the altar, is enriched with some beautiful foliage in wood, by the same great artist. In that year it was so ruinous, that Edward III.
THERE are several instances of grants for building, in this ex tensive road, in very early times. Edward I. Clement Danes and St. Mary Strand: THERE was no continued street here till about the year Martin 's stood literally in the fields. But about the year a street was formed, loosely built; for all the houses on the south side had great gardens to the river, were called by their owners names, and in after-times gave name to the several streets that succeeded them, pointing down to the Thames; each of them had stairs for the conveniency of tak ing boat, of which many to this day bear the names of the houses.
The north side was a mere line of houses from Charing-Cross to Temple-bar; all beyond was country. The gardens which occupied part of the site of Convent-garden were bounded by fields, and St. Giles 's was a distant coun try village. These are circumstances proper to point out, to shew the vast increase of our capital in little more than two centuries.
IN the same century was a second epoch respecting the build ings of this part of the town. Our capital found itself so secure in the glorious government of Elizabeth, that, by the year , most considerable additions were made to the north of the long line of street just described. Martin's-lane was built on both sides. Giles 's church was still insulated: Convent-garden, and Lincoln's-inn-fields, were built, but in an irregular manner.
Drury-lane, Clare-street, and Long-acre, arose in the same period. Mary Rounceval. Henry VIII. The greater part of the house was built by Bernard Jansen, an architect in the reign of James I; the portal, since altered by the late duke of Northumberland, by a cotemporary architect, Gerard Christmas, who left on it his mark, C. I must not omit, that in this house is the noble picture of the Cornaro family, by Titian.
It is very unfortunate that nothing can be more confined than the situation of this great house. The noble front is pent up by a very narrow part of the Strand; and behind by a cluster of mean houses, coal-wharfs, and other offensive objects, as far as the banks of the Thames. Fortunately, by the favor of government, it enjoys the power of giving the place the most magnificent improvement.
The late duke received a lease from the crown of all the intervening ground as far as the river; and, within these very few years, an absolute exchange for certain lands in Northumberland, to erect batteries on against foreign invasion, at the period when the pro ject of universal fortification prevaled. A little time may see every nusance removed, and a terrace arise in their stead, emulat ing that of Somerset-house.
Martin in the Fields, once a parish of vast extent; but much reduced at present by the robbing it of the tract now divided into the parishes of St. James, St. Anne, and St. Paul, Covent-garden. We cannot trace the time of its foundation. It was early bestowed on the abbot and convent of St. Peter, Westminster.
In , there was a dispute between the abbot and the city of London, about the jurisdiction of this church. And in , we first find the name of a vicar, in room of Thomas Skyn, who had resigned. In it was enlarged, because of the increase of build ings. This seems the best performance of Gibbs, the architect of the Ratcliff Library. The steeple is far the most elegant of any of that style which I named the Pepper-box; and with which I beg pardon of the good people of Glasgow I marked their boasted steeple of St.
On his disposal of it, several streets were laid out on the site and ground belonging to it. THE gate to York-stairs is the work of Inigo Jones, and deserv ing of all the praises bestowed on it by the author of the Critical Review. It was called Durham-place, i.
Be it known to all whom it concerns, that the word is only applicable to the habitations of princes, or princely persons, and that it is with all the impropriety of vanity bestowed on the houses of those who have luckily acquired money enough to pile on one another a greater quantity of stones or bricks than their neighbors. But both challengers and defendants were English. After the gallant sports of each day, the challengers rode unto this Durham-house, where they kept open household, and feasted the king and queen Anne of Cleves with her ladies, and all the court.
In this time of their house-keeping, they had not only feasted the king, queen, ladies, and all the court, as is afore shewed: The king gave to every of the sayd challengers, and their heires for ever, in reward of their valiant activity, marks, and a house to dwel in of yeerely revenue, out of the lands pertaining to the hospital of S. In that small space of time, he married one queen, and put her away, be cause he thought her a Flanders mare.
He espoused another, and not without cause put her and the confident to her incontinence to death. He caused to be executed a hopeful young peer, and three young gentlemen, for a common manslaughter resulting from a sudden fray. He burnt numbers for denying the religion of Rome, and inflicted all the barbarous penalties of high treason on multitudes, for denying a prerogative which he had wrested from the pope, the head of that very worship which he supported with such rigour.
IN the reign of Edward VI. Here he proposed to have money enough coined to accomplish his designs on the throne. His practices were detected: It afterwards became the residence of that ambitious man; who, in May , in this palace, caused to be solemnized, with great magnificence, three marriages; his son, lord Guildford Dudley, with the amiable lady Jane Grey: In eight short months his ambition led the sweet innocent to the nuptial bed, the throne, and the scaffold.
Before the front to the Thames is a terrace, commanding a charming view to the river, when not obscured by the damps and poisonous fogs, which too often infest the air of the lower part of our capital. The king, queen, and royal family, honored the opening with their presence, and named it Britaines Bursse. This was a fashionable place of resort. In a fatal affair happened here. Gerard, a young gentleman, at that time engaged in a plot against Cromwell, was amusing himself in the walk beneath, when he was insulted by Don Pantaleon de Saa, brother to the ambassa dor of Portugal, who, disliking the return he met with, determined on revenge.